FACTS

Can I cut on my granite or quartz countertop?
Only if you want to ruin your good knives. Granite and quartz is harder than steel, and will dull knives very quickly if you use the countertop as a cutting surface. Always cut and chop on a wooden or plastic cutting board.

Can I place hot pots and pans on my granite or quartz countertop?
Granite is nearly impervious to typical kitchen cooking temperatures, though you may wish to avoid any risk of damage by using hot-pads or trivets. Quartz surfaces such as Caesarstone are tolerant of heat up to about 300 degrees F., so you'll want to use more care around them with very hot cooking surfaces.


INSTALLATION

How are sinks cut out & installed?
The most common sinks are: Top-Mount & Under-Mount Sinks. In order to accommodate the sink, a cut-out needs to be made in the granite. The sink hole must be accurately templated and cut out to ensure a perfect fit. Top-Mount sinks are installed in the rough cut. Under-Mount sinks must be cut and polished as the depth of the granite is exposed.

What type of sink can be used?
There are few requirements when it comes to sinks. In order to maintain the structural integrity of the countertop, we require at least 3" of stone in front and back of the sink cutout. Adriatic Granite uses aluminum undermont sink brackets that are attached to the base cabinet for almost every sink installed. Additionally, we recommend that if 2cm stone is being used, and over mount sink should be provided. Adriatic Granite will need to know the sink type prior to templating the project.

Will my countertop have visible seams?
Most kitchen countertop installations will require at least one or more joints called seams. During layout and design Adriatic Granite will always try to minimize the number of seams required, and to locate seams in places which make them less conspicuous. Finally, installers are trained to color-match the joint filler material to enhance their appearance. Seams are created with a permanent, maintenance-free epoxy material.

Why do you specialize in using 3cm slabs? What is the advantage of 3cm vs. 2cm?
Using 3cm slabs of granite and quartz allows us to produce an attractive edge profile without the process of "laminating", or gluing an extra piece on the edges, which creates a seam, and adds significantly to the labor costs. However, we are also perfectly adept at fabricating from 2cm slabs, if by chance the exact color you want is not available in 3cm.

Weight
3cm granite weighs approximately 21lbs - 241bs per square foot and 2cm granite weighs approximately I5lbs per square foot. 2cm marble weighs approximately 13.5lbs per square foot. Both granite and marble are easily supported by standard floor and cabinet systems.

Thickness
All or our granite is available in 3cm (approximately 1 1/4 “ thickness) and some granite as well as all of the marbles are available in 2cm (approximately 3/4") thickness. We recommend using the 3cm because its structural integrity is superior to the 2cm and it is aesthetically more pleasing than the thinner stone.

Radiation in Granite
There has been some publicity about radiation emissions in certain types of granite. Please take a look at the following publication from the Marble Institute. Click Here...


GRANITE

What is Granite?
Granite (Igneous stone) is composed of quartz, feldspars and mica as well as traces of a wide variety of other minerals. Granite is a coarse grained igneous rock. It is formed from slowly cooling magma which is subjected to extreme pressure from deep inside the earth. The different grades of granite are determined by the formation and percentage mix of quartz, mica and feldspar. Crystal size is somewhat determined by the rate at which the granite cools. The slower the cooling process the larger the crystals grow. Granite gets its beautiful array of colors and patterns from minerals that are melted into the liquid mass as it is formed. A broad range of elegant patterns and colors makes granite the most versatile and durable of all stone. It is also the most versatile and easiest stone to maintain.

How sanitary is Granite?
Bacteria Requires Several Things to Grow: Oxygen, Water, Sunlight, Nutrients and a substrate to form on. The Minerals in Granite are Toxic to Bacteria. As a result, there is NO HABITABLE ENVIRONMENT for the Bacteria to live and grow on a granite surface.

Does granite chip or scratch?
Granite is a very dense material and under normal conditions it is chip and scratch resistant. However, pots, pans and other heavy objects may chip the square edge around a sink area. Several other edge profiles are available that will look beautiful and reduce the chances of chipping. Granite is only second to the diamond in its hardness as a stone. It will resist the demanding use of an every day chef. Standard use will not cause stress to this durable material.

Does granite stain?
In general, no. All stone is porous to some extent, however granite has very little porosity relative to other stones. Most granite colors will never show moisture but some colors will show a dark spot if a puddle of liquid is left on the counter for a period of 30 minutes of more. The spot will eventually dry up and evidence will show. To be safe, be sure that your granite is sealed properly - either by the fabricator, or after the granite is installed.

How can I limit the staining of granite or marble?
- Wipe up spills on marble and granite as quickly as possible.
- Avoid using acidic or oil-based products on marble.

Does granite have a completely smooth surface?
No. Many granites contain pits and fissures that are natural characteristics of granite. Some granites exhibit these characteristics more than others, and the lighting of the room can make these marks more or less visible. These characteristics should be pointed out to the client prior to deciding on a particular material and pre-approval of the actual slab is recommended.

Is granite a natural product or is it man made?
Granite is a natural product. It is quarried in its natural form directly from the earth and it is cut and processed by a machine. Because of its extreme hardness and mineral content, granite can be polished to a mirror-like finish using the proper machinery.

So, how does granite get from the ground to houses and buildings around the world?
First, it is mined. Taken from the ground in blocks roughly shaped like train cars, the granite is sliced into sheets and polished on one side. Then it is shipped around the world to distributors, who sell it to the fabrication shops.

What does “honed” granite mean?
Honed granite is granite that has not been polished to a shine. It is a smooth, matte finish. Honed granite is lighter in color then its polished counterpart; however the color can be deepened with a color-enhancing sealer.


MARBLE

What is marble?
Marble (Metamorphic stone) has been valued for thousands of years for its rich palette of beautiful colors and elegant veining patterns. Marbles are formed from limestone or dolomite that has undergone enough heat and pressure to meta­morphosize into a crystalline structure. This metamorphosis takes place when the weight of overlying material, pressure from crystal collisions and heat from the earth's core generate temperatures in excess of 1800 F. Calcium and dolomite are the main components in marbles makeup. Marble is a softer stone and can be scratched or stained easier.

Can you use marble in the kitchen?
Yes, you can use marble in the kitchen. However, because marble is susceptible to staining, scratching, and etching, the use of it in a kitchen requires careful consideration.